Play Chess — The Board
The first thing you need to know in order to learn how to play chess is the board. For those familiarized with chess, the first thing to note is that a chessboard is an 8×8 squared board; resulting in 64 squares, 32 light and 32 dark, laid out alternatively.
The second thing is that, for didactic reasons, squares are grouped into three types: Ranks, files, and diagonals. Ranks are the rows that cut across the chessboard, labeled one (1) through eight (8). Files are the columns, labeled a through h. Diagonals are any group of squares placed diagonally relative to each other. It is also common to find a coordinates system on the side of a chessboard in which lines are numbered from 1 to 8 and columns are designated with a letter from a to h.
It is also important to note that in a chess game there are only two players, the one with the white pieces and the one with the black pieces and that they move only one piece per turn. When a chess game begins the players must place themselves on each side of the board facing each other. At the time of arranging the pieces, a rule must be met that a white square is always the first to the right of each player.
Play Chess — Placing the pieces
The second thing you need to know if you want to learn how to play chess placing the pieces. Each player has 16 pieces: 8 pawns, 2 knights, 2 bishops, 2 rooks, a queen and a king. Although, the terms of the pieces is used to designate all the pieces in chess in a generic manner; we tend to differentiate between pieces and pawns as two different categories. On lines 1 and 2 we place the white pieces and pawns respectively and on lines 8 and 7, the black pieces and pawns.
We place the pieces in the following order from right to left: on the first line: rook, knight, bishop; the queen will always be placed in a square that matches its own color, king, bishop, knight, rook; and on the second line the 8 pawns. Each piece has its own move and can capture an opponent’s piece according to said move. A player captures a piece when they move one of their own pieces into a square where an opponent’s piece is placed, displacing it and taking its place on the square.
Moving the pieces
The third and last thing to know in order to learn how to play chess is how to move the pieces. A move is the type of movement that a piece can perform when moving through the squares of a chessboard. When starting a game the pawn can move one or two squares at a time, from then on it can only move one square at a time. It has two types of moves: forward, when it advances, and diagonal, when it captures a piece. It cannot move backwards.
The knight moves in an L shaped manner. It moves two squares vertically and one horizontally or two squares horizontally and one vertically. This piece can only capture pieces that are placed on the square at which it arrives. The knight is the only piece that can move over other pieces of its own color. This means that if there are any pieces of its own color on the squares; between the one it departs and the one at which it arrives it can hoover over them.
Learn move chess piece
The bishop moves through the succession of diagonal squares. These successions of squares are characterized by being all of the same color. This is why when a game starts each player has a bishop placed on a white square and another on a black square and each bishop; can only move through the squares of the color they were originally placed on; we thus say that each player has a white bishop and a black bishop regardless of the color of their own pieces. The rook moves along a straight line through the lines and columns.
It is important to remember that pieces can move in any direction, except for the pawn that cannot move backward and that no piece can move hover over other pieces of their own color, except for the knight.
The king and queen
The queen has two types of moves: straightforward through the lines and columns, like the rook, and diagonal, like the bishop. This characteristics give the queen great versatility and make it a powerful weapon in a chess game. Nevertheless, above all is the king. The king can move in all directions although only one square at a time. Without a king, the game comes to an end. Let’s remember that the main goal in a game of chess is to checkmate the enemy king.
We have already walked you through the basic things you need to know in order to learn how to play chess, and you can now play a game. It is now that you need the required effort to continue with the study of chess, and make progress in your game. Practice is of paramount importance, after all, it is practice that makes the master. The more you play, the more your game will improve and if your opponent has a stronger game than, you even better!
The study of the theory and practicing will lead your learning in a methodical manner and make it more effective in achieving better results, but it is always better if you find a chess coach.
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